Basanta: The Volcano of Revolution in South Asia Today

The Maoist revolution has made a major forward leap -- after the initiation of people's war in Nepal in 1996 and the merger of two major revolutionary streams to form the Communist Party of India (Maoist), in 2004.

The Nepalese people's revolution has now reached to the threshold of seizing central political power.

In the present era, the proletarian revolution does not remain a phenomenon merely of a single country.

South Asia is becoming a front of collision between two fronts: one formed of the proletariat and their class allies national and international and other alliance formed of the imperialists and their lackeys from the individual countries. A new world in South Asia is now gestating in the womb of this contradiction.

The victory of revolution in South Asia will have a far-reaching implication and become a harbinger to spread the flames of revolution all across the world.

On the other, its defeat will result in a complete demoralisation of the people not only of this region but those all across the globe. In this situation, a strong solidarity to the revolution in South Asia is the need of the day.

The following talk was given on July 2, in Istanbul, during the European Social Forum's seminar on South Asia's revolutions.


By Basanta (Indra Mohan Sigdel) Politburo of the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)

Dear comrades and delegates, revolutionary greetings!

I would like to take this opportunity to extend our revolutionary salutation on behalf of our party, the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), to the organiser, the European Social Forum, who invited our party to attend this august programme in Istanbul, Turkey.


In addition, I would like to extend our revolutionary greetings to the entire delegates participating in this seminar. I feel honoured to be here with all the delegates from around the world.

But, more than that I would like to utilise this opportunity to share experiences that the working class all across the world has gathered through their valiant struggles against imperialism and its anti-people and neo-colonial policies like privatisation, liberalisation and globalisation, and as well the ruling classes subservient to it.



Dear comrades,

Our party has assigned me to speak here on the revolution in South Asia as requested by the organisers. It is a vast course, a very difficult task to cover in a few minutes. However, I will try my best to be brief but certainly I will focus on the key points to help you reach to the basic understanding of the possibilities and challenges, the revolution in South Asia is confronting now.


South Asia consists of seven countries namely Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. More than one-fifth of the world's population inhabit in this region. It is the most populous and densely populated geographical region in the world. Agriculture, which contributes to only 22% of the total GDP of the region, employs 60% of the labour force. Next to Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia is the poorest region on the earth. As per the information provided by the World Bank, in 2008, more than 40% of the people dwelling in this region earn less than 1.39 dollars per head per day. On the other, the total wealth of the 25 richest Indian capitalists is equivalent to 192.3 billions of dollars. [Source:]. It is equal to the total yearly earnings of more than 379 millions of the lowest poor people from this region, which is about 31.6% of the total population of India alone. Around 2.1 million of children die of malnutrition every year in this region as per the report published by UNICEF in 2008. This gives a short glimpse of class composition in the South Asian countries.

Apart from sharp class contradictions in South Asian countries, there exist serious national contradictions all across the region.

Everyone is aware of the severity of national contradiction in Sri Lanka.

The entire Northeast and Kashmir of India have been the hotbeds of the national liberation movements since 'independence'.

Besides this, various oppressed nationalities in Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Pakistan have been struggling for their autonomy and right of self-determination.

Social discriminations based on Hindu caste chauvinism are beyond belief in India and Nepal.

In all of the South Asian countries, the political system, which is erected upon the base of feudalism but safeguarded by the superstructure of comprador and bureaucratic capitalism, has been the root cause to intensify the aforesaid contradictions; let alone their resolution.

People in this conversation

  • Guest - Rishi Raj Baral

    In this situation, a strong solidarity to the revolution in South Asia is the need of the day. Let all of us strive hard to build up a strong solidarity to help make our class victorious from South Asia and open the door of the world proletarian revolution in the beginning of the 21st century. Thank you.

    Comrade Basant, you are right. But I like to ask you one question . How can we make strong solidarity ? The South Asian revolutionaries, the Maoists, are fighting against the domestic and
    external reactionries. They are launching the great Peoples war. And We ? what are we doing? We are in musical chair race. we are in the exercise of 'new 'type of democracy, that can be named- Bihari democracy, the democeacy of buorgeois and comparaders. we know there will be strong solidarity bettween the revolutionaries only.

  • Guest - Nat W.

    "Though no rival to the US imperialism has emerged yet in terms of military strength but its contradiction with other military and economic super powers is on the rise in the world.

    A once-unipolar world has now changed into a multi-polar one. The contradiction between capital and labour is intensifying all across the world. And also the contradiction between imperialism and the entire oppressed nations and the people, which is the principal contradiction in the world at present, is also sharpening. With the intensification of all the basic contradictions, including the principal one, the objective situation is becoming more favourable to the proletariat, than to the imperialist, to advance revolutionary class struggles all across the world."

    This may be a conclusion that those positing the development of a transnational capitialist class should explore more. There seems a real contradiction that even while global capital seem to be coalescing more around preserving their rule, at the same time their are quite serious riffs shaping up particularly between the US on one hand and China and Russia on the other. What does this all mean?

    Also important:

    "In the present era of imperialism, the proletarian revolution does not remain a phenomenon merely of a single country. It is affected by many interconnected factors. The victory of any communist revolution is linked with the objective condition of the world and subjective strength of the international proletariat. Lets us have a short look on these two factors in the world level."

    When thinking about future revolutionary organization in North America (US, Canada, and Mexico and even linking things up with Central and South America), this is an extremely important observation to further explore.

  • Guest - Kasama Observer

    A agree with Rishi Raj Baral

  • Guest - Otto

    u have ads by google? I thought lefties weren't supposed to do that.

  • Guest - Otto

    Now It's gone. I hope I'm not wasting space with these comments.

  • Guest - spot

    I have read a bit of news in recent days about the growth of political organization in the face of Arizona's new race laws. It seems that when an open policy of discrimination becomes law, Americans still have the sense to band together and defend themselves. This is one issue where race and class are inextricable from a left perspective, but the media portrays it as having a primarily racial character.
    The recognition of class conflict is growing in the American public mind, but its name is not uttered where most get their information, except on the right, where the taxonomy of classes is clearly mislabeled and organized against the utilitarian ideal. Is class conflict strong enough yet to be a motive force to sustain massive political organization in the US? How might we know that it is?

  • Guest - shakya bijaya

    Dear comrade,
    I'm agree with rishi raj baral.Really, today our leaders are in race of political drama not in democratic revolution,sterngthing peoples power and making new constitution.

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